Today, on World Hypertension Day, we need to understand this condition, which can cause many other health problems, such as stroke, decreased vision, dementia, heart attack and chronic kidney disease. According to Dr. Samanjoy Mukherjee, Senior Interventional Cardiology Consultant, Department of Cardiology, HCMCT Manipal Hospital, Dwarka, New Delhi, says hypertension is another term for blood pressure.
Age: The risk of high blood pressure increases with age. Older people are more prone to high blood pressure. Before the age of 64, high blood pressure is more common in men, but more common in women. It develops after the age of 65.
Salt: Too much salt in food and lack of potassium will cause more water to stay in the body, which directly increases blood pressure.
Obesity and overweight: As weight gains, more blood is needed to provide oxygen and nutrients to the tissues, which will increase the risk of hypertension.
Bad eating habits: reduce salt intake. It is recommended to eat green leafy vegetables and fruits. Smoking and drinking: Smoking, chewing tobacco and drinking alcohol will immediately cause a temporary increase in blood pressure. The chemicals in tobacco can damage the inner walls of arteries, narrow them and increase the risk of heart disease.
Stress and anxiety: Due to the stressful life, people do not have time to accompany themselves and suffer from stress and tension, which can cause high blood pressure.
Genetics: Family history of hypertension. The best treatment is to change a healthy lifestyle. The doctor recommends starting with diet, weight loss and lifestyle changes step by step, taking medications when necessary. Medication If you sometimes feel that you have high blood pressure, your doctor may recommend some medications to lower your blood pressure.
Heathy foods can also be added to you daily diet. Rich in potassium, it helps to shrink the blood pressure. To add more bananas to your diet, add them to cereals, cakes, breads, smoothies and smoothies. Spinach is a leafy food with low calories, high fiber content, and rich nutrients such as potassium, folic acid and magnesium. The key to lowering and maintaining blood pressure.