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ISRO joins NASA to develop Earth Observatory for disaster management

The new system developed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) using the Indian Space Research Organization ISRO radar system will now provide important information to guide climate change and civil defense-related work.

In the Earth System Observatory, each satellite is uniquely designed to work together to create an overall 3D view of the earth from the bedrock to the atmosphere. NASA said in a statement: “The observatory followed the recommendations of the 2017 10-year survey conducted by the National Academy of Earth Sciences and Engineering Medicine. The report provides ambitious but much-needed research and observation guidelines.”

When the observatory is working During development, Isro will deploy two radar systems that can measure changes in the Earth’s surface of less than half an inch. The radar used in the observatory’s first mission was called as the pathfinder and was called the “NASA-Isro Synthetic Aperture Radar” (NISAR).

NASA said in a statement: “This mission will measure some of the most complex processes on Earth, such as ice avalanches and natural disasters, such as earthquakes, volcanoes, and landslides.” In the future, NISAR will help planners and decision makers respond dangers and natural resources. The system will focus on answering key questions about how aerosols affect the global energy balance, air quality forecasts and severe weather forecasts.

The system also provides drought assessments and forecasts, appropriate agricultural water use plans, and supports the ability to respond to natural disasters. Scientists will use the observatory’s data to understand climate change affecting food and agriculture, housing and natural resources. At the same time, they will also provide models to quantify landscape changes caused by sea level and climate change, and predict the threat and impact of natural disasters. The assessment includes earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, glaciers, groundwater and dynamics of the Earth’s interior.

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